During one Sunny day when I was browsing the google map, one observatory captivated my attention on the map. So I made a plan to visit this observatory of the 18th century. Check out the image below of google map below-
Jantar Mantar -People in India chant these two magical and mysterious words to fulfill their dreams, but these words are more than that. Jantar or Yantra means Instruments and Mantra mean formulas. Jantar Mantar is one of five observatories built by Maharaja of Jaipur- Sawai Jai Singh 11. Jantar Mantar is located in the Parliament Street, south Connaught circle modern city of New Delhi. Jantar Mantar of Delhi consists of 13 architectural instruments. These instruments used to predict the movement and timings of the sun moon and planets and also used for compiling the astronomical tables. These purposes compiled under astronomy these days. The observer can note the position of heavenly bodies with the naked eye alone because of intelligent construction and placement of these instruments.
History of Jantar Mantar:
In the early 18th century Maharaj Jai Singh constructed five Jantar Mantar in total- new Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi. Maharaj Jai Singh was keenly interested in the astronomical observation and the study of the systems. The observatory was erected by him on the instructions of Muhammad Shah. King Sawai Jai Singh was an accomplished scholar himself. Jai Singh wanted to refine the ancient Islamic zij tables so that exact hour of the day could be determined. He wanted to define precise calendar and make accurate astrological predictions for social benefit. To achieve this he built the first observatory in Delhi and after that other observatory in Jaipur, Ujjain Mathura and Varanasi. These instruments built out of Brick and rubble and plastered with lime. Jantar Mantar has been repaired and restored from time to time without making any significant alteration in the basic structure.
Facts about Jantar Mantar of Delhi:
Address: Parliament Street, Connaught Place, New Delhi-01
Built in: 1724
Built by: Sawai Jai Singh II
Area of Delhi: Central Delhi
Phone No (Official): 011 2332 2474
Entry Fee and Timing for Jantar Mantar at Delhi
Open Days: Open All days
Visiting Duration: 1-3 Hrs
Opening Time: 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM (Sunrise to Sunset)
Entry Fee For Indians: 15INR
Entry Fee For Foreigners: 200 Rs. or US $ 2
Entry Fee For Children up to 15 years: Free
Photography Charges: Free
Videography Charges: 25 Rs.
Structures inside Jantar Mantar:
We are three friends who wanted to explore this archeological site. Ticket price is 15 INR/per person for Indian people at Jantar Mantar.
Structures Inside Jantar Mantar:
Misra yantra was designed to determine longest and shortest day of the year. It also indicates the exact moment of the noon in the various cities and location regardless of the distance from Delhi.
Samrat yantra called Supreme Instrument is an equinoctial sundial of enormous proportion.Although Samrat yantra is not much different to sundials which exist hundreds of years ago, still it is important because it measures time to the precision that had never been achieved.
In the south of Jai Prakash Yantra, two circular building represents Ram Yantra. Ram Yantra consists of a pair of cylindrical structures open to the sky each with a pillar or pole in the center. Pillars and poles are of equal height and equal to the radius of the structure. Ram Yantra is used to observe the position of any celestial object in the sky by aligning an object in sky with both the top of the central pillar and point on the floor or wall that completes the alignment.
Jai Prakash Yantra:
Jai Prakash Yantra is most elaborate, complex and versatile instrument. It is bowl-shaped instrument built partly above and partly below the ground level. It consists of hollowed out hemispheres with some marking on the concave surfaces. An observer can align the position of a star with various markings or a window’s age from inside.
Food outside Jantar Mantar:
There are many popular and roadsides hotels present in Cannought Place. These sellers Lalaram and Rajaram seller snacks outside Jantar Mantar. During summer anyone can enjoy ice cream from this seller.
How to Reach Jantar Mantar:
Distance from Airport: 21 Kms
Nearest Metro Station: Patel Chowk and Rajiv Chowk Metro Station
Nearest Railway Station: New Delhi Railway Station
Nearest International Airport: Indira Gandhi International Airport
Jantar Mantar incorporates multiple buildings of unique form, each with a specialized function for astronomical measurement. These structures with their striking combination of geometric forms captivated the attention of art historians, artists, and architects yet it remains unknown to the general public that what it is about. Best time to visit Jantar Mantar is from October to March. If you are visiting during summer try to visit during morning or evening. Currently, this is a tourist place for college groups and couples and foreign visitors. This observatory speaks volumes about itself and also about golden past of India.